Skip to main content

Hemorrhoids Specialist

Colon and Rectal Clinic of Tampa Bay

Lourdes T Santiago , MD

Colorectal Surgery & General Surgery located in Clearwater, FL

Hemorrhoids are a common problem that affects millions of Americans. Many people suffer with hemorrhoids for a long time before seeking help. At the Colon and Rectal Clinic of Tampa Bay, Lourdes Santiago, MD, specializes in colorectal surgery and offers treatments to remove hemorrhoids and ease your symptoms. To schedule an appointment, call the office in Clearwater, Florida, or book an appointment online today.

Hemorrhoids Q&A

What are hemorrhoids?

When you have hemorrhoids, you have swelling of the veins in the anus or rectum. Swelling of these veins may cause itching, irritation, or painless bleeding. 

Hemorrhoids are a common problem. Though researchers are still investigating the underlying cause of hemorrhoids, they theorize that excess pressure on the veins causes the bulging and swelling.

That includes pressure when straining to have a bowel movement or pressure when you spend long periods of time sitting on the toilet.

What are the types of hemorrhoids?

The location of your hemorrhoids determines the type. These types include:

Internal hemorrhoids

Internal hemorrhoids are in the rectum. These types of hemorrhoids cause painless bleeding. 

Internal hemorrhoids may protrude during a bowel movement, which is known as a prolapsed hemorrhoid. 

External hemorrhoids

External hemorrhoids affect the anal tissue. With external hemorrhoids, you may have itchiness and pain. These hemorrhoids may also bleed.

An external hemorrhoid may turn into a thrombosed hemorrhoid, which is when a blood clot forms in the swollen vein. A thrombosed hemorrhoid causes severe pain and discomfort. 

Though you can treat your hemorrhoids at home, if they fail to go away after a week of at-home care or you have bleeding during a bowel movement, you need to see your health care provider. 

If your hemorrhoids cause severe pain and you want an effective solution, Dr. Santiago at the Colon and Rectal Clinic of Tampa Bay can help.

What happens during a hemorrhoid evaluation?

You can expect a patient-centered exam during your hemorrhoid evaluation. Dr. Santiago reviews your symptoms, usual diet, and bathroom habits. She then examines your hemorrhoids.

Dr. Santiago may recommend a colonoscopy if she has concerns about your rectal bleeding. Bleeding during a bowel movement is common with hemorrhoids, but may also be a symptom of some other gastrointestinal condition like colon cancer or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

How are hemorrhoids treated?

Treatment for hemorrhoids depends on the type and severity of your symptoms. Initial treatment focuses on lifestyle changes, such as eating more fiber and drinking more fluids. However, when you have painful hemorrhoids, Dr. Santiago may recommend hemorrhoid banding.

During hemorrhoid banding, Dr. Santiago wraps a rubber band around your hemorrhoid, stopping the flow of blood. The hemorrhoid shrinks and falls off on its own.

To get help for your hemorrhoids, call the Colon and Rectal Clinic of Tampa Bay or schedule a consultation online today.